Peyote & Mescaline
WHAT ARE PEYOTE AND MESCALINE?
Peyote is a small, spineless cactus. The active ingredient in peyote is the hallucinogen mescaline.
WHAT IS ITS ORIGIN?
From earliest recorded time, peyote has been used by natives in northern Mexico and the southwestern United States as a part of their religious rites. Mescaline can be extracted from peyote or produced synthetically.
What are common street names?
Common street names include:
- Buttons, Cactus, Mesc, and Peyoto
What does it look like?
The top of the peyote cactus is referred to as the “crown” and consists of disc-shaped buttons that are cut off.
How is it abused?
The fresh or dried buttons are chewed or soaked in water to produce an intoxicating liquid. Peyote buttons may also be ground into a powder that can be placed inside gelatin capsules to be swallowed, or smoked with a leaf material such as can- nabis or tobacco.
What is its effect on the mind?
Abuse of peyote and mescaline will cause varying degrees of:
- Illusions, hallucinations, altered perception of space and time, and altered body image
Users may also experience euphoria, which is sometimes followed by feelings of anxiety.
What is its effect on the body?
Following the consumption of peyote and mescaline, users may experience:
- Intense nausea, vomiting, dilation of the pupils, increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, a rise in body temperature that causes heavy perspiration, headaches, muscle weakness, and impaired motor coordination
Which drugs cause similar effects?
Other hallucinogens like LSD, psilocycbin (mushrooms), and PCP
What is its legal status in the United States?
Peyote and mescaline are Schedule I substances under the Controlled Substances Act, meaning that they have a high potential for abuse, no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, and a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
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